Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE)
Horn of Africa (South of the Red Sea region)
Nine ethnically based regional states and two city administrations.
The oldest independent country in Africa & one of the oldest in the world (more than 2000 years).
0 km (landlocked)
Border countries , Djibouti & Somalia (the East) ,Kenya (the south) , Eritrea (the North), Sudan (the West).
Amharic, Afan Oromo, Tigrigna , Somali, Guragina.
1.13 million square km
Extremes:- lowest point- Lake Asal(-155m) and Dallol(-116m); highest point- Ras Dashen (4620m).
High plateau with central mountain range divided by the Great Rift Valley.
Gold, platinum, copper, potash, hydropower, natural gas, and many more.
GNI per Capita
USD $ 280 (world Bank -2008)
1 Birr = 100 cents
International Dialing Code
54 years (men) , 56 years (women) (UN)
Agriculture (46%), Service (41%), Industry (13%)
Food processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, cement, metal processing
Germany, Switzerland, Saudi Arabia, Japan , Djibouti, China
China, Saudi Arabia ,Germany, Belgium, US