Full Name
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE)

Capital City
Addis Ababa  

Location
Horn of Africa (South of the Red Sea region)  

Administrative Division
Nine ethnically based regional states and two city administrations.  

Independence
The oldest independent country in Africa & one of the oldest in the world (more than 2000 years).  

Coastal Line
0 km (landlocked)  

Boundaries
Border countries , Djibouti & Somalia (the East) ,Kenya (the south) , Eritrea (the North), Sudan (the West).  

Major Languages
Amharic, Afan Oromo, Tigrigna , Somali, Guragina.  

Area
1.13 million square km  

Population
74 million  

Major Religion
Christianity, Islam  

Elevation
Extremes:- lowest point- Lake Asal(-155m) and Dallol(-116m); highest point- Ras Dashen (4620m).  

Terrain
High plateau with central mountain range divided by the Great Rift Valley.  

Natural Resources
Gold, platinum, copper, potash, hydropower, natural gas, and many more.

GNI per Capita
USD $ 280 (world Bank -2008)  

Monetary Unit
1 Birr = 100 cents  

Internet Domain
.et  

International Dialing Code
+ 251
 

Life Expectancy
54 years (men) , 56 years (women) (UN)  

Economy
Agriculture (46%), Service (41%), Industry (13%)  

Industries
Food processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, cement, metal processing  

Electricity
Hydroelectric  

Export Partners
Germany, Switzerland, Saudi Arabia, Japan , Djibouti, China  

Import Partners
China, Saudi Arabia ,Germany, Belgium, US